Electric vehicle sales and end of internal combustion engine – Mother Earth News


A Chevy Bolt parks next to a Tesla. Photo by Steve Rainwater

General Motors President Mary Barra announced on Thursday, January 28 that GM will completely eliminate the manufacturer of vehicles using internal combustion engines (ICE) by 2035. The automaker is ahead of the pack in committing phase out all gas and diesel for light vehicles, cars, vans and SUVs. GM plans to invest $ 27 billion in electric and autonomous vehicles by 2025. It’s the end of ICE cars!

Internal Combustion Engines (ICEs) have served us well for around 160 years, powering our cars, planes, ships, and more. Karl Benz patented the world’s first car powered by a gas combustion engine in 1886. Today, however, ICE cars are on the verge of extinction, obsolescence is on the horizon. Powerful and macho – they don’t perform well in a carbon conscious world. Internal combustion engines have four strokes: intake, compression, power and exhaust. The last sounds their disappearance. Meanwhile, Bloomberg NEF reports that the cost of electric vehicle (EV) batteries fell 87% from 2010 to 2019. The writing is on the wall as one technology falls and the other rises.

Chevy Bolt leading a new generation

GM wants market share in the growing EV space and no doubt wants to take on Tesla while pushing back other EV upstarts, including Rivian. GM produced its first “long range” battery electric vehicle in 2016, the Bolt. It competes well with the Tesla Model 3; the Bolt being sold at a lower cost while offering similar performance.

GM is working in partnership with LG Chem to further reduce costs. By opening a new plant in Ohio to manufacture its new Ultium batteries, GM hopes to reduce the costs of its Bolts by an additional $ 4,000.

GM isn’t the only automaker making bold statements: in early February, Ford announced it would invest $ 29 billion in electric vehicles and autonomous vehicles by 2025. It also aims to compete with Tesla in the race to bring electric vehicles into the mainstream. By 2030, Ford will only produce all-electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles. An electric version of Ford’s cash cow, the F150 pickup truck, will go into production next year.

More and more car manufacturers are making all-electric commitments

Other automakers are moving away from the ICE. Bentley has set a target date of 2030 to switch entirely to battery-electric vehicles. Nissan will electrify all vehicles by the early 2030s. In early February, Jaguar announced that it would only produce electric vehicles by 2025. Its owner, Indian Tata Motors, hopes the switch to all-electric will reverse the trend. fortune of the struggling auto company, 86 years old.

The end of the ECI is driven by technology and politics. Electric vehicles are fun to drive and increasingly affordable to buy. There are many models available. They are inexpensive to operate and require no maintenance. Their growth and the speed of their adoption, however, remain dependent on government decrees. In early 2021, 31 national and local governments announced bans on the sale of cars with internal combustion engines. A list compiled by Charged Future ranges from Norway to South Korea, Slovenia and India. Some governments regulate fleets, other regulations only apply to new vehicles. Norway to ban ICE cars by 2025; the UK, Iceland, Ireland, Sweden and the Netherlands by 2030.

U.S. states with ICE bans include California, Colorado, Washington, New Jersey, and the District of Columbia. There will be more to come. All of the above are reactions to the climate imperative – to clean our exhaust pipes – and to the surge in sales of electric vehicles and Tesla’s success.

Global surge in electric vehicle sales

In 2020, global sales of electric vehicles surged despite a drop in overall passenger car sales. According to market research firm Canalys, sales of electric vehicles have jumped 39% globally. At the same time, sales of passenger vehicles fell by 14%. Electric vehicles now account for almost 5% of all new car sales worldwide. Europe was the source of much of this growth in 2020.

According to EVVolumes.com, 2020 was a record year for sales of plug-in electric vehicles, with sales increasing from 2.26 million in 2019 to 3.24 million in 2020. These values ​​include battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and vehicles. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV). Europe is the leading region, with 1.4 million units, or 137% more than in 2019. This growth is due to attractive models, the incentives of green recovery funds, the “95g CO2 mandate” of the European Union for the average emissions of the fleets, to a considerably improved availability of electric vehicles, and an intense promotion of electric vehicles.

Now let’s look at the market share. What percentage of total sales were electric vehicles? Overall, BEV and PHEV sales accounted for 4.2% of the global automotive market, up from 2.5% in 2019. In Europe, EV sales made up 10.2% of the market, up from 3.3% in 2019. In China, the share of EVs increased from 5.1% to 5.5%. Meanwhile, in the United States, electric vehicles accounted for 2.4% of new car sales, up just 4% from 2019. Sales of electric vehicles in the United States nevertheless outperformed the overall. US auto market, down 15% year-over-year. Analysts suggest this was mainly due to the introduction of the Tesla Model Y.

The world’s largest manufacturer of electric vehicles is Tesla. In the first quarter of 2020, it held 29% of the market share. It was followed by Renault-Nissan with 13% market share, Volkswagen Group (11%) and BYD (6%). Tesla’s Model 3 has been the world leader in electric vehicles, but sales of the Model Y last year matched sales of the Model S, X and Model 3 combined.

In total, Tesla delivered 499,550 vehicles in 2020. It has new factories in Austin, Texas, and Brandenburg, Germany. He increased production with eight massive casting machines. Tesla is growing and building all-electric semi-trailers. It also gets small, developing the Model 2, a compact hatchback with a price tag that can be as low as $ 19,000. There are rumors that the steering wheels on the Model 2 will be optional.

Ted flaniganrunsEcoMotion, a California-based company whose mission is the profitable greening of cities, businesses and campuses. He has dedicated his career to finding win-win solutions that create financial and environmental benefits while fostering a sustainable society. Connect with Ted onFacebookandTwitter, to listen The NetPositive podcast, read all his MOTHER EARTH NEWS publishes here.

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